Functional Operations

The actual functional operation of a public works department depends on the size of the municipality, whether it is urban, suburban, or rural, and to what degree it is developed. For instance, a small, rural township might only have two functional operations of note - road maintenance and park maintenance. On the other hand, a larger, urban city might have most or all of the following functions: 

  • Street/road maintenance
  • 
  • Bridge maintenance
  • 
  • Engineering and code enforcement
  • Traffic signal maintenance
  • 
  • Storm sewer construction and maintenance
  • 
  • Sanitary sewer construction and maintenance
  • 
  • Water distribution system
  • 
  • Waste water treatment plant
  • 
  • Water filtration plant
  • 
  • Fleet maintenance
  • 
  • Building maintenance
  • 
  • Solid waste and recycling
  • 
  • Zoning and planning
  • 
  • Parks maintenance

No matter how few or how many of the functions a municipal public works department has, it is important to recognize them on an organizational chart and in the budget in order to properly document the chain of command in each area and provide accountability in the budget process.